Blast From The Past:
OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1974:
Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr.
Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. was a United States Air Force officer and the first African-American astronaut.
At the age of 16, he graduated in the top 10 percent from Englewood High School in Chicago. At the age of 20, he graduated from Bradley University with a Bachelor's Degree in Chemistry. At Bradley, he distinguished himself as Cadet Commander in the Air Force ROTC and received the commission of Second Lieutenant in the Air Force Reserve Program.
At the age of 21 he was designated as a U.S. Air Force pilot after completing flight training at Malden Air Force Base.
At 22, he married Barbara Cress, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Henry Cress of Chicago. By the time he was 25, he had completed an Air Force assignment as an instructor pilot in the T-33 training aircraft for the German Air Force.
In 1965, Lawrence earned a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the Ohio State University.
He was a senior USAF pilot, accumulating well over 2,500 flight hours—2,000 of which were in jets.
Lawrence flew many tests in the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter to investigate the gliding flight of many unpowered spacecraft returning to Earth from orbit, such as the North American X-15 rocket-plane. NASA cited Lawrence for accomplishments and flight maneuver data that "contributed significantly to the development of the Space Shuttle."
In June 1967, Lawrence completed the Air Force Flight Test Pilot Training School at Edwards AFB, California. That same month he was selected by the USAF as an astronaut in the Air Force's Manned Orbital Laboratory (MOL) program, thus becoming the first black astronaut.
Robert Lawrence was also a member of Omega Psi Phi fraternity.
Don't you wish that all of us could have the motivation and drive that Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. did? What an exemplary life he lived. An accurate representation of excellence for his race of people. His example proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that each and every one of us can achieve and soar like the eagles as he did. We award this great American with the 1974 Hamite Award which is given to persons such as Robert who have lived their lives as shining examples for others to follow. Amazing!
Lawrence was killed on December 8, 1967, in the crash of an F-104 Starfighter at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
Lawrence was flying backseat on the mission as the instructor pilot for a flight test trainee learning the steep-descent glide technique. The pilot flying made such an approach but flared too late. The airplane struck the ground hard, its main gear failed, it caught fire, and rolled. The front-seat pilot ejected upward and survived with major injuries. The back seat, which delays a moment to avoid hitting the front seat, ejected sideways, killing him instantly.
Had Lawrence lived he likely would have been among the MOL astronauts who transferred to NASA after the program's cancellation, all of whom flew on the Space Shuttle. During his brief career, Lawrence earned the Air Force Commendation Medal, the Outstanding Unit Citation. On December 8, 1997, his name was inscribed on the Space Mirror Memorial at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. |
|How were blacks feeling in 1974?
NO MERCY FOR POOR RICHARD NIXON!
For the year 1974:
- October 9, 1974 - Baseball's Frank Robinson became the first African American MLB manager. ( Cleveland Indians.)
What Was The Jonestown Massacre?|
The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.
While the Temple originated in Indiana in the 1950s, after leader Jim Jones predicted an apocalypse that would create a socialist Eden on earth, it moved to Redwood Valley, California in the late 1960s. Its headquarters later moved into San Francisco, where Jones remained until July 1977, when Jones fled with almost 1,000 Temple members to Jonestown, Guyana following investigations by local media.
On the evening of November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, Jones ordered his congregation to drink cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. In all, 918 people died, including over 270 children, resulting in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the incidents of September 11, 2001. Congressman Leo Ryan was among those killed at the airstrip.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos
Three Proud People mural in Newtown
DID YOU KNOW?
Ever wonder how the term "African American" came into existence? After the civil rights movement, blacks felt the need for a more accurate term to describe the race than colored or Negro, which was associated with much pain and suffering. In the late 1960s, and early 1970s, blacks no longer approved of the term Negro. In its experimental stages, the term Afro-American was used for a while but didn't last. Later the Black Power movement made us feel proud using black as the term in describing our race.
The song, "Say It Loud – I'm Black and I'm Proud" by James Brown became an unofficial anthem of the Black Power movement. But it wasn't until the 1980s the term African American was advanced on the model of, for example, German-American or Irish-American to give descendants of American slaves and other American blacks who lived through the slavery era a heritage and a cultural base. The term was popularized in black communities around the country via word of mouth and ultimately received mainstream use after Jesse Jackson publicly used the term in front of a national audience. Subsequently, major media outlets adopted its use.
Double Dutch is a rope skipping exercise played when two ropes are turned in eggbeater fashion.
While the ropes are turned, a third person jumps within. Early Dutch immigrants introduced
it to America, and it later became a favorite game for black American girls to play.
| Sports in 1974 |
- February 13, 1974 - Negro league baseball player James 'cool papa' Bell is named to baseball's Hall of Fame.
- March 26, 1974 - Slugger George Foreman knocks out Ken Norton in round 2 for the heavyweight boxing title.
- April 8, 1974 - Hammerin Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hits his 715th home run surpassing Babe Ruth to become the all-time leader in home runs in major league baseball.
- September 10, 1974 - Baseball's Lou Brock sets the baseball stolen base mark at an amazing 105.
- October 9, 1974 - Baseball's Frank Robinson became the first African American baseball manager. (Cleveland Indians)
- October 18, 1974 - Dominating Chicago Bull Nate Thurmond becomes the first in the NBA to complete a quadruple double with 22 points, 14 rebounds, 13 assists & 12 blocks.
- October 30, 1974 - 'The Rumble in the Jungle' participants, Muhammad Ali knocks out George Foreman in the 8 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
|WAR ON BLACKS, OR ALSO KNOWN AS WAR ON DRUGS |
The more things change, the more they stay the same
Shortly after slavery, blacks were thrown into prison for petty and minor offenses which resulted in long sentences. It was big business for the penitentiary because they would hire these convicts out for various jobs and keep blacks off the streets at the same time. They killed two birds with one stone.
It was a form of bondage that did not last a lifetime and did not automatically extend from one generation to the next. But it was nonetheless slavery – a system in which armies of free men, guilty of no crimes and entitled by law to freedom, were compelled to labor without compensation, were repeatedly bought and sold, and were forced to do the bidding of white masters through the regular application of extraordinary physical coercion.
This form of slavery was abolished by President Franklin D. Roosevelt December 12, 1941.
Is the criminal justise system much different today?
President Richard Nixon started the modern day Law and Order campaign of the War on Drugs. President Ronald Reagan would continue with the program in his administration and later President Bill Clinton during his term created tough mandatory sentencing that unfairly affected blacks.
Crack cocaine was associated with poor blacks because it was a cheap drug and in contrast with powder cocaine which was considered a white man's drug because it was more expensive. Neither drug was more deadly than the other but crack was demonized because it was associated with black people.
While a person found with five grams of crack cocaine faced a five-year mandatory minimum prison sentence, a person holding powder cocaine could receive the same sentence only if he or she held five hundred grams. Similarly, those carrying ten grams of crack cocaine faced a ten-year mandatory sentence, while possession of one thousand grams of powder cocaine was required for the same sentence to be imposed.
Don't get it wrong, these were very well ORGANIZED methods from anti-Americans in control of our country to hold blacks down and is very well documented. It seems these anti-Americans are always reinventing themselves in ways of oppressing black citizens. Perhaps they should show some love for a change instead of acting on their imagined fear.
WHO IS THIS MAN? |
John Ehrlichman who was counsel to President Richard Nixon and would later become a criminal himself with his involvement in the watergate scandal made the following comment about the reason for Nixon's war on drugs:
“The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I’m saying? We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”
Check these statistics out
One of every three black American males born today can expect to go to prison in his lifetime. While black defendants account for roughly 80% of those arrested for crack-related offenses, public health data has found that two-thirds of crack cocaine users are white or Hispanic. The leading cause of incarceration of an African American male is a non-violent drug offense. Most black men in prisons are not monsters but just got caught up in the system for a non-violent mistake they may have made.
These stats are for the years 1970 - 2010
1 in every 106 White males age 18 or older is incarcerated
1 in every 36 Hispanic males age 18 or older is incarcerated
1 in every 15 Black males age 18 or older is incarcerated
We have to help our own black boys because nobody else cares. Wouldn't it be nice if today's blacks possessed the same gumption our African American ancestors had by taking control of our own destiny as a race of people? It seems ever since the end of slavery we are constantly pointing out to the white man how unfair and unjust he has treated us. Don't you think he knows that? What do we expect them to do, start crying and say I'm sorry and start treating us like fellow Americans by sharing freely? Don't hold your breath.
At this point in history, it's clear we must begin to work on ourselves more than anything else. We've probably gone just about as far as we can go with the protesting/marching strategy which was an excellent choice over the decades, but now it's time for action on our part. MLK would have likely said the same thing.
A very unpopular message for many blacks who live with the self-pity attitude but the only avenue available for American success. Can you imagine how much it would lift our race if every single black boy possessed a college degree? It's a dream that could become a reality if we really believed it.
Education plays the major role in American success for blacks and any group of blacks in a position of authority such as sports figures, entertainers, singers, etc that teaches the opposite by their examples we should run away from them as fast as possible. Sadly, these groups are the ones that many blacks look up to for guidance instead of our black educators.
When one of us climbs the very difficult and racist ladder of success in the American power structure by using our God-given brain power we will not forget about those we left behind, but instead will help other blacks do the same by extending a hand until we find ourselves in a position of directing instead of always asking and begging.
Our ancestors knew we could do it and we have to believe it too. We are from some of the strongest and finest stock that is known to mankind and should set the example for all dark skinned people over the entire earth simply because we are in a position to do so and live in the greatest country in the world. Our story is one of the greatest ever told. We are AmazingBlacks.
Founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus. Standing L-R: Parren Mitchell, Charles Rangel,
Bill Clay, Ron Dellums, George W. Collins, Louis Stokes, Ralph Metcalfe, John Conyers, and Walter Fauntroy.
Seated L-R: Robert N.C. Nix, Sr., Charles Diggs, Shirley Chisholm, and Augustus F. Hawkins.
Richard M. Nixon
| Political Scene in 1974 |
- 1974 - Gerald Ford was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977. Before this, he was the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 until President Richard Nixon's resignation in 1974. He was the first person appointed to the Vice Presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, following the October 10, 1973, Spiro Agnew resignation.
Analysis: Richard Nixon was facing impeachment from office, so he arranged to find someone who would take over his presidency and grant him a full pardon in return. Gerald Ford did just that and would later take much heat for this decision to give Nixon the get out of jail free card.
- 1974 - Richard M. Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when because of the Watergate scandal became the only U.S. president to resign the office. Nixon had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
- July 24, 1974 - The Supreme Court unanimously rules President Nixon must turn over the Watergate tapes.
- August 9, 1974 - Richard Nixon resigns the United States presidency, Vice President Gerald Ford swears oath of office to become the 38th United States president.
- November 5, 1974 - Mervyn Dymally is elected as Lieutenant Governor of California.
- November 5, 1974 - George Brown is elected as Lieutenant Governor of Colorado.
- 1974 - The Black Liberation Army was an underground, black nationalist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Composed largely of former Black Panthers (BPP), the organization's program was one of "armed struggle" against the oppression and tyranny of the U.S. Government, and its stated goal was to "take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States." The BLA carried out a series of bombings, murders, robberies (which participants termed "expropriations"), and prison breaks.
- 1974 - Weather Underground was a white American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization". Their bombing campaign targeted mostly government buildings, along with several banks and called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of U.S. imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism". The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973 and became defunct by the mid seventies.
DID YOU KNOW?
Ever wonder how the soul-food revolution began? It became a popular term in the 1960's.
Slave ships with their cargo of slaves traveled from West Africa to North America with foods that were native to African soil. It was the ship's captain best interest to keep slaves alive and healthy by feeding them these foods for their long transatlantic voyage. Some of these foods native to Africa are black-eyed peas, rice, yams, peanuts and don't forget the infamous watermelon. Once here in America, slaves were allowed to grow these foods and along with the scraps the master would give them during 'ration times' (sometimes meat) is what laid the foundation for soul-food.
HOW LONG WILL GOOD WHITE-AMERICANS |
SIT ON THE FENCE?
Since the beginning of American history, there's always been a fight between good and bad. The problem is that both good and bad forces claim to adore democracy. Someone is lying. You be the judge.
First, we need to define democracy and we'll let two of America's greatest Presidents do this for us by their actions and famous quotes.
Abraham Lincoln made the following quotes:
"As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy. Whatever differs from this to the extent of the difference, is no democracy."
"I have no purpose to introduce political and social equality between the white and the black races.... But I hold that ... there is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
Now it's very clear from the many biased comments Abraham Lincoln made against black people he wasn't the type that would have blacks over for dinner, in fact, most whites shared his views many years ago. But that's okay, at least he was honest. This site believes he would have changed his racist views if living in our time because one of his most admirable qualities was flexibility.
In contrast to Abraham Lincoln, the first President of the United States, George Washington didn't share Lincoln's view of democracy.
Black slaves were actively sought and recruited to fight for America in the Revolutionary War and promised citizenship after the victory. It's well recorded that slaves fought with courage and valor that ensured American success. George Washington himself made the comment:
Washington wrote a letter to Colonel Henry Lee III stating that success in the war would come to whatever side could arm the blacks the fastest.
But after victory in the war, America didn't keep it promises, and most blacks were forced back into slavery. Of course, George Washington had to know about this but did nothing. Washington was a brilliant soldier but failed as an upholder of truth and justice and set the tone for future race relations in our country by trivializing and compromising real Democracy.
Washington had many slaves himself and didn't want to free them and damage his financial stake. He put money interests ahead of real Democracy. But all of America's founders didn't feel this way. A contemporary of Washington and future President John Adams hated slavery and was proud to boast he handled his business with paid workers. Did George Washington look at himself in the mirror and feel guilty about compromising (true) American Democracy? History says he didn't.
Washington created the blueprint for this distorted view of true Democracy
Blacks in the colonies had been treated poorly since their arrival from Africa, but this action by Washington made it official. This blueprint became the norm in much of America's dealings with black people. Whites felt if their supreme leader thought so lowly of black people, they would also.
We must all be honest with ourselves in admitting this view of Democracy was not American because it denied certain humans liberty, justice and the pursuit of happiness. Therefore we must call for what it was, which is Anti-American.
So we had two different Presidents with various versions of Democracy, and this is the way it remains today. What made Lincoln a force for good and better President was he put Democracy first and his personal prejudices second, but Washington put his financial interest ahead of true Democracy. This is what set these two men apart. Both were great men with different views about what it meant to be an American on the side of liberty and justice for all.
After Lincoln's death, democracy would take a downward spiral. One of the most biased President in American history led the attack. His name was Andrew Johnson, and he fought against the Civil Rights of blacks tooth and nail. Every favorable bill for former slaves that appeared on his desk was immediately denied. Later, there were new laws created to restrict black American citizens that worked very well. This was called the Jim Crow era. It was an all-out attack on Democracy by Anti-Americans and aided by good white Americans who remained on the fence. Read for yourself.
There's not enough room on this web page to describe the hate and exclusion by government and white Americans against blacks during this period. Jim Crow laws touched every part of life, all across America. Blacks and whites were kept apart as much as possible. Good jobs went to whites; blacks were given the worst with less pay. Many industries wouldn’t hire blacks. Many unions passed special rules to exclude them. All juries and judges were white; blacks were illegally denied voting rights. No blacks allowed in public pools. Many restaurants would not serve blacks, and those that did had a dirty colored section. Blacks and whites went to county fairs on different days. Blacks couldn't use public libraries. Simple common courtesy was rarely shown the blacks. Whites beat, tortured, raped and killed blacks with no fear of punishment. Blacks were denied credit for businesses, housing, cars by the banks. Blacks were kept out of white neighborhoods with housing covenants. Oklahoma had black and white phone booths. Texas had cities where blacks were entirely restricted from living. Blacks could not leave their homes after 10:00 pm in Mobile Alabama. Blacks could not marry whites. Georgia had separate white and black parks. Prisons, hospitals, and orphanages were segregated as were schools and colleges. Blacks and whites had to use separate sets of books in school, in Florida, they couldn't be stored together. When a person was sworn in at a trial, the whites used one Bible, and the blacks had a separate Bible. For those who did complete college, a crucial question had to be answered. Who was going to be their clients? Whites didn't engage blacks in business, and the battered Negro couldn't afford their services. These laws became so entrenched in American life; even unwritten laws affected black citizenship; blacks understood to stay out of white stores and establishments. Segregation was so complete that whites did not see blacks except when being served by them. After the Civil Rights movement of the 60s, blacks have made enormous gains. This is how the United States of America became a polarized country. Each and every President knew what was going on and allowed this illegal activity for 87 years. Were they guilty of not upholding the United States Constitution in the Negroes behalf? Is this the reason why many other nations laugh at America with its constant claims of being on the side of good and high morality?
Did religion made things worse?
Even though the U.S. was not founded as a Christian nation and existed solely as a secular state completely free of religious influence in lawmaking, religion would soon be thrown into the loop. This made American people feel righteous and just in their own eyes. White's beleived they were "good" and made in God's image and blacks were not. In time slogans such as "In God We Trust" were printed on money to describe a people who had snuffed out Democracy, They felt God was on their side and loved only them.
Countless movies, radio shows, newspapers, magazines and other media would consistently portray these Anti-Americans as on the side of good, morally upstanding and righteous to the world with God on their side. Good white Americans had to know this was a farce because of the way it's black citizens were being treated and did nothing.
There were a relative few brave, good white Americans who spoke up during this period and got involved with some even losing their lives, but the majority did nothing. They remained on the fence because they were also partakers of the privileged American way of living and failed to realize how this was undermining true Democracy with the threat of one day being faced with an America they wouldn't recognize.
“Ignorance of how we are shaped racially is the first sign of privilege. In other words. It is a privilege to ignore the consequences of race in America.” Tim Wise
So, what now?
Because of the folly of racism and privilege by Anti-Americans and the lack of action to speak out for true Democracy by good Americans, has our country morphed into another form of power? Something that is completely different than it started out as, perhaps like an insatiable, detestable and ugly monster, without a soul or conscience? You be the judge.
| Race in 1974 |
- June 21, 1974 - Morgan v. Hennigan was the case that defined the school busing controversy in Boston, Massachusetts which was ruled on in 1974.
- October 9, 1974 - There was a race riot in Boston, Massachusetts due to forced "bussing"
Getting Faded in the 70s
The Long Island Iced Tea was named for its resemblance to non-alcoholic Iced tea.
Having fun with my peoples, getting faded and blastin The Manhattans
Eating, drinkin and having fun in the 70s
| Getting Faded and Having Fun in 1974 |
For some people back in the 70s, it was nothing better than hanging out with your peoples, talking smack or quietly listening, laughing and getting faded on the following feel good liquors:
- TJ Swan
- Wild Irish Rose
- Boone's Farm
- Thunderbird --
"What's the word? Thunderbird, How's it sold? Good and cold, What's the jive? Bird's alive, What's the price? Thirty twice."
- MD 20/20
- Night Train
- Cold Duck
- Colt 45
- Old English
- Schlitz Malt
- Korbel Brandy
- E & J Brandy
- Gin and Grapefruit Juice
- Tequila Sunrise
- Bacardi Cocktail
- Pina Colada
Tequila Sunrise garnished
with orange & cherry
I still have a headache, but had a blast!
Don't forget those wild and loud games of dominoes with folks slamming bones on the table and running off at the mouth. Here are some of the trash words being said:
- HEY! hit me five times
- Who dat knocking at my door?
- Fish and bread keep po' men fed
- All money ain't good money
- Beef steak and gravy
- Ten keys, come and get some of these
- 4 hoes and a pimp
- 3 switchin bitches
- Rock and I'm out
Can't have fun without those beats, these are the songs that were blasting on the turntable in 1974 while enjoying ourselves:
Beats in the 70s - photo#library
- Dancing Machine, The Jackson 5
- You Make Me Feel Brand New, Stylistics
- Show and Tell, Al Wilson
- Sideshow, Blue Magic
- Boogie Down, Eddie Kendricks
- Best Thing, Gladys Knight
- Feel Like Makin' Love, Roberta Flack
- Just Don't Want Lonely, Main Ingredient
- Nothing from Nothing, Billy Preston
- My Imagination, Gladys Knight
- Living for the City, Stevie Wonder
- Then Came You, Warwick, Spinners
- Never Gonna Give You Up, Barry White
- Tell Me Something Good, Rufus
- Hollywood Swinging, Kool and The Gang
- Lookin' for a Love, Bobby Womack
- Put Your Hands Together, The O'Jays
- Mistake (Was to Love You), Ross and Gaye
WOW! I miss 1974
|| sLANG tALK in 1974 |
- Do Your Own Thing! - whatever pleases you
- Be yourself! - don't be a fake
- Do what you want to do - whatever pleases you
- Laid Back - taking it easy, relaxed
- Psyche - excited, energized
- The Crib and going to the Gig - home
- The Gig - job
- Dream On - hopeful
- Kicks - shoes
- Mackin - gettin the girls
- Off The Hook - extra cool
- Old School - old fashioned
- Pad - home
- In Your Face! - victory
- That's Sick! - awesome
- The Man - police
- To The Max - maximum
- Yo Mama - term of endearment, joking around
- Chill - take it easy
- Feel Tha Funk - groove and feel the music
- Catch My Drift - do you understand?
- Chillaxin - relaxing
- Chump - punk
- Copasetic - something cool, hip
- Don't Bogart - don't hold the joint too long, pass it around
- Doobie - a joint
- Dude - a guy
- For Rizzle - I didn't know that
- Foxy - sexy girl
- Gimme Five - cool handshake
- Hood - a ghetto person
- Trippin - going wacko
- Pig - police
- Pimpin - a guy good with the ladies
- Dig It - understand
- Backatcha! - you too
- Brick House - super fine woman
- Can You Dig It - you understand?
- Right On - agree
- Stone Groove - extra cool and fun
Gail Fisher as Peggy Fair and Mark Stewart as her son, Toby, from the television program Mannix.
Rodney Allen Rippy who starred in Jack in the Box television commercials in the 1970s.
- photo #116-yr-1970
The Evans family from the television program Good Times. From left: Ralph Carter (Michael), BernNadette Stanis (Thelma), Jimmie Walker (J.J.), Esther Rolle (Florida), John Amos (James).
- photo #107-yr-1974
Lloyd Haynes and Michael Constantine from the television program Room 222
The Flip Wilson Show
Sanford and Son
Tony Orlando and Dawn
| Television / Movies in 1974 |
- Blazing Saddles - Count Basie (as himself with his orchestra)
- Uptown Saturday Night - is a 1974 comedy film written by Richard Wesley, and directed by Sidney Poitier, who also stars in this film, along with Bill Cosby and Harry Belafonte.
- Good Times - Everybody loved to watch the television show "Good Times," which aired from 1974-79. So much love in the Evans family. They didn't have much, but they had something that's kinda absent in today's world, they had each other. James played by John Amos was a very powerful father figure, don't mess with his family or you would be in big trouble. Florida played by Esther Rolle was everybody's mama, we all could relate to Florida. Michael the militant played by Ralph Carter, fine brown sugar Thelma played by Bern Nadette Stanis, and nosy and funny Wilona played by Ja'net Dubois, and let us not forget Buffalo Butt Nathan Bookman, played by funny man Johnny Brown, and oh yeah how can we forget crazy J.J. who was always involved in some crazy stuff and his famous catchphrase "Dy-no-mite!" and played by Jimmie Walker.
- Get Christie Love! is a 1974 made-for-television film starring Teresa Graves as an undercover female police detective who is determined to overthrow a drug ring. We remember when Christie made a bust she would always say "You're under arrest, Sugah!". Good show, but it only lasted 1974-1975 season.
- Mannix was an American television detective series that ran from 1967 to 1975 on CBS. Gail Fisher
was best known for playing the role of the secretary "Peggy Fair" on the television detective series, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award.
- Sanford and Son which aired from 1972-1977 was a show we could go to to get our laugh on. We grew up with Redd Foxx, so we knew of his reputation and raw delivery with comedy. Poor Lamont, always getting the worst hand when dealing with his dad, but dad did it all with love. In 2007, Time magazine included the show on their list of the "100 Best TV Shows of All Time". The Sanford and Son show is dearly missed.
- Room 222 was a comedy-drama television series which aired on ABC from September 17, 1969 until January 11, 1974. The series focused on an American history class at the fictional Walt Whitman High School in LA, California. The class was taught by Pete Dixon (Lloyd Haynes), an idealistic African-American schoolteacher. Other characters featured in the show were the school's compassionate guidance counselor, Liz McIntyre (Denise Nicholas), who was also Pete's girlfriend; the dryly humorous school principal, Seymour Kaufman (Michael Constantine); and the petite and enthusiastic Alice Johnson (Karen Valentine), a student teacher.
- Tony Orlando and Dawn variety show which aired from 1974-1976 was a feel good show. Their signature hits include "Candida", "Knock Three Times", "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree", and "He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)".
The show mainly featured sketches sarcastic back-and-forth banter between Orlando, Hopkins, and Vincent. After the show had ended, Telma Hopkins ended up doing very becoming a familiar face on the tv screen, acting in different shows. Joyce Vincent continues to tour and perform to audiences all over the world.
- The Flip Wilson Show was so funny. The show aired from 1970-1974 and won numerous awards. Flip made the black community feel proud that a person of color could be so successful. He inspired many. He was a truly talented comedian. He had us in tears with his character Geraldine Jones, who would dress up like a woman and brag about her boyfriend Killa, and whose line "The devil made me do it" became a national catchphrase. Older people in the community especially got a big laugh from this character; he was hysterical and convincing!
movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences
- Abby: A blaxploitation version of The Exorcist and stars Carol Speed as a virtuous young woman possessed by a demon.
- Black Belt Jones: stars Jim Kelly who was given a leading role in this martial arts film.
- Black Eye: An action-mystery starring Fred Williamson as a private detective investigating murders connected with a drug ring.
- The Black Six: About a black motorcycle gang seeking revenge, is a combination of blaxploitation and outlaw biker film.
- The Black Godfather: a film starring Rod Perry as a man rising to underworld power based on The Godfather.
- Foxy Brown: Largely a remake of her hit film Coffy, Pam Grier once again plays a nurse on a vendetta against a drug ring.
- Get Christie Love! A police drama, this time with an attractive young black woman (Teresa Graves) as an undercover cop. Later made into a short-lived TV series.
- Johnny Tough: starring Dion Gossett and Renny Roker.
- Space Is the Place: Psychedelically-themed blaxploitation film featuring Sun Ra & His Intergalactic Solar Arkestra.
- Three the Hard Way: Three black men (Fred Williamson, Jim Kelly, and Jim Brown) must stop a white supremacist plot to eliminate all blacks with a serum in the water supply.
- T.N.T. Jackson: Starring Jean Bell (one of the first black Playboy playmates), this film is partly set in Hong Kong, and notable for blending blaxploitation with the then-popular "chop-socky" martial arts genre.
- Truck Turner: Starring Isaac Hayes, Yaphet Kotto, Nichelle Nichols. Former football player turned bounty hunter is pitted against a powerful prostitution crime syndicate in Los Angeles.
- Sugar Hill: set in Houston, this film features a female fashion photographer (played by Marki Bey) who wreaks revenge on the local crime Mafia that murdered her fiance with the use of voodoo magic.
- Together Brothers: set in Galveston, Texas, a street gang solves the murder of a Galveston, TX police officer (played by Ed Bernard who has been a mentor to the gang leader).
- Willie Dynamite: stars Roscoe Orman (Gordon from Sesame Street fame) plays a pimp.
- Remember the kid that was trying to wrap his mouth around the super-sized Jumbo Jack hamburger? His name is Rodney Allen Rippy who appeared in TV commercials for the fast-food chain Jack in the Box in the early 1970s, as well as in numerous roles in television and movies.
| Famous Birthdays in 1974 |
- February 7, 1974 - J Dilla was an American record producer and rapper.
- February 16, 1974 - Mahershala Ali is an American actor.
- April 11, 1974 - David Banner is an American rapper, record producer, and occasional actor.
- May 29, 1974 - Aaron McGruder writer and cartoonist best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African-American brothers.
- May 30, 1974 - Big L was an American rapper.
- July 11, 1974 - Lil' Kim rapper, singer-songwriter, record producer, model, and actress.
- July 13, 1974 - Deborah Cox is a Canadian R&B singer-songwriter and actress.
- August 20, 1974 - Big Moe was an American rapper from Houston.
- November 11, 1974 - Static Major Grammy Award-winning American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer.
| Famous Deaths in 1974 |
- January 25, 1974 - Nora Douglas Holt was an American singer, composer and music critic, who was born in Kansas and was the first African American to receive a masters degree in the United States.
- February 16, 1974 - Anita Bush was an American stage actress and playwright. She founded the Anita Bush All-Colored Dramatic Stock Company in 1915, a pioneering black repertory theatre company that helped launch the careers of Charles Gilpin, Dooley Wilson, Evelyn Preer and others.
- March 23, 1974 - James "Jimmy" Winkfield was a Thoroughbred jockey and horse trainer from Kentucky, best remembered as the last African American to ride a winner in the Kentucky Derby.
- May 24, 1974 - Duke Ellington, composer, pianist and bandleader of jazz orchestras.
- July 23, 1974 - Eugene "Jug" Ammons, jazz tenor saxophonist, and the son of boogie-woogie pianist Albert Ammons.
- August 19, 1974 - Beatrice Morrow Cannady was a renowned civil rights advocate in early 20th-century Oregon, United States. She was editor of the Advocate, the state's largest African-American newspaper. She was also one of the founders of Oregon's chapter of the NAACP.
| Famous Weddings in 1974 |
- May 11, 1974 - Mary Wilson weds Pedro Ferrer.
- July 4, 1974 - Barry White weds Glodean White.
- September 14, 1974 - Quincy Jones weds Peggy Lipton.
- October 12, 1974 - Gladys Knight weds Barry Hankerson.
- November 3, 1974 - Nick Ashford weds Valerie Simpson.
- November 24, 1974 - Jackie Jackson weds Enid Arden Jackson.
- 1974 - Stanley Clarke weds Carolyn Helene Reese.
- 1974 - Sly Stone weds Kathy Silva.
- 1974 - Lynn Whitfield weds Vantile Whitfield.
- 1974 - Calvin Lockhart weds enifer Miles.
- 1974 - Nancy Wilson weds Wiley Burton.
- 1974 - Tracy Reed weds Bill Simpson.
| Famous Divorces in 1974 |
- February 13, 1974 - George Foreman and Adrienne Calhoun were divorced.
- 1974 - Stedman Graham and Glenda Graham were divorced.
- 1974 - Quincy Jones and Ulla Andersson were divorced.
- 1974 - Denise Nicholas and Bill Withers were divorced.
Hi there, I'm Annie.
Thanks for viewing my collection of wonderful soul-food dishes that my amazing ancestors cooked, and more than likely yours did too.
We didn't have much of anything back in the day and had to live off the scraps we were given. But like a famous rapper once said in his songs, we knew how to "make a dollar out of 15 cents" Enjoy.
Sweet Potatoes / Yams
Rice and Beans
Fish and Chips
Biscuits and Gravy
(images - https://pixabay.com/)
| Southern Cooking - Soul Food |
Have you ever wondered what African-Americans ate back in the day? Well, maybe we can help you with that. We've found the oldest known black cookbook to date.
This cookbook was written by an actual former slave woman that had once lived on a plantation, but gained her freedom with the Emancipation Proclamation moving from Mobile, Alabama to San Francisco, California where she published an entirely excellent collection of 160 authentic and tasty recipes of the Old South entitled;
"What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking"
This book is indeed a rare gemstone with tons of actual recipes that black folks enjoyed back in the day, but Mrs. Fisher cooking wasn't limited to blacks only, many whites also loved her delicious recipes and persuaded her to make a cookbook.
Here is just a sample of some of the southern foods mentioned in her book, and by the way, it wasn't called soul-food until the 1960's.
- Maryland Beat Biscuit
- Cream Cake
- Flannel Cakes
- Sallie Lund
- Egg Corn Bread
- Plantation Corn Bread
- Light Bread
- Lamb or Mutton Chops
- Pork Steak or Chops
- Ginger Cookies
- Sweet Wafers
Pickels, Sauces Etc.
- Sweet Cucumber Pickles
- Sweet Cucumber Mangoes
- Chow Chow
- Creole Chow Chow
- Cherry Chutney
- Game Sauce
- Compound Tomato
- Sweet Pickle Peaches
- Sweet Pickle Prunes
- Sweet Watermelon Kind Pickle
- Sauce for Boiled Fish or Mutton
- Milanese Sauce
- Sauce for Suet Pudding
- Pastry for making Pies of all kinds
- Preparing the Fruit for Pies
- Lemon Pies
- Cream Apple
- Sweet Potato
- Gooseberry and Cherry
- Light Bread
- Blackberry Roll
- Corn Fritters
Preserves, Spices, ETC.
- Brandy Peaches
- Quince Preserves
- Syrups for Preserves
- Preserved Peaches
- Preserved Pears
- Currant Jelly
- Cranberry Jelly
- Strawberry Jam
- Raspberry and Currant Jam Combined
- Marmalade Peach
- Crab Apple Jelly
- Blackberry Brandy
- Blackberry Syrup for Dysentery in Children
- Preserved Apricots
- Apple Sauce for Roast Pork
- Charlotte Eusse
- Spiced Currants
- Preserved Cherries
- Domestic Duck
- Wild Duck
Soups, Chowders, Etc.
- Calf 's Head
- Mock Turtle
- Green Turtle
- Oyster Gumbo
- Ochra Gumbo
- Old Fashioned Turnip
- Corn and Tomato
- Fish Chowder
- Chicken Gumbo
- Fricassed Chicken
- Fried Chicken
- Chicken fried Steak
- Meat Stews or Entrees
- Ice Cream
- Boiled Turkey
- Beef a la Mode
- Spiced Round
- Hog Maws
- Stuffed Ham
- Lima Beans
- Jumberlie a Creole Dish
- Baked Fish
- Ribs, Beef or Pork
- Boiled Corn
- Peach Cobbler
- Egg Plant Stuffed
- Chitterlings or "Chitlins"
- Corned Beef Hash
- Ladies' Custard
- Tonic Bitters
- Terrapin Stew
- Leaven Biscuit
- Pap for infant Diet
- Sorghum Syrup
- Meringue for Pudding
- Circuit Hash
What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking
Paperback – March, 1995
by Abby Fisher (Author), Karen Hess (Editor)
Southern Jewel Million Dollar Pound Cake
(this recipe is not from Mrs. Fisher cookbook, but has been in Annie's family for generations, it's everyones favorite!)
Butter: 1 pound
Sugar: 3 cups
Milk: 3/4 cup
Cake Flour: 4 cups (Soft as Silk Cake Flour)
Baking Powder: 1 teaspoon
Vanilla Flavor: 1 teaspoon
Lemon Flavor: 1 teaspoon
For best results, leave butter and eggs out overnight
Cream butter well, add sugar and mix until butter and sugar look like whip cream.
Beat each egg individually and then add with sugar and butter, mix well for at least a couple minutes.
Add milk and cake flour a little at a time, then add flavorings.
Spray Pam spray on entire round cake pan, and then add cake batter.
Bake about 1 hour and 15 minutes at 325.
Let cake cool for about 30 minutes, and then remove cake from cake pan.
The Staple Singers with Don Cornelius on Soul Train in 1974
The Jackson 5
Gladys Knight and the Pips
Rodney Allen Rippy who starred in Jack in the Box television commercials in the 1970s.
- photo #116-yr-1970
| Music in 1974 |
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
- "Living for the City" Stevie Wonder
- "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)" Aretha Franklin
- "I've Got to Use My Imagination" Gladys Knight & the Pips
- "Livin' for You" Al Green
- "Let Your Hair Down" The Temptations
- "Boogie Down" Eddie Kendricks
- "Mighty Love" The Spinners
- "Lookin' for a Love" Bobby Womack
- "Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me" Gladys Knight & the Pips
- "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)" MFSB with The Three Degrees
- "The Payback, Pt. 1" James Brown
- "Dancing Machine" The Jackson 5
- "I'm in Love" Aretha Franklin
- "Be Thankful for What You Got" William DeVaughn
- "Hollywood Swinging" Kool & the Gang
- "Sideshow" Blue Magic
- "Finally Got Myself Together (I'm a Changed Man)" The Impressions
- "Rock Your Baby" George McCrae
- "My Thang (Part 1)" James Brown
- "Feel Like Makin' Love" Roberta Flack
- "Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe" Barry White
- "You Haven't Done Nothin'" Stevie Wonder
- "Papa Don't Take No Mess (Part 1)" James Brown
- "Do It ('Til You're Satisfied)" B.T. Express
- "Higher Plane" Kool & the Gang
- "Let's Straighten It Out" Latimore
- "Woman to Woman" Shirley Brown
- "I Feel a Song (In My Heart)" Gladys Knight & the Pips
- "You Got the Love" Rufus
- "She's Gone" Tavares
- "Boogie On Reggae Woman" Stevie Wonder
Popular Soul Dances:
Musical Happenings in 1974:
- The Bump
- Walking the dog
- The Worm
- The Rock Steady
- The Breakdown
- The Funky Chicken
- Electric Slide
- Locking - Roboting - Popping
- Breakdancing - B-boying
- Gloria Gaynor's "Never Can Say Goodbye" is the first "disco hit to reach the charts".
- Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 - 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared. The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.
American Music Awards winners in 1974:
The American Music Awards was created by Dick Clark to compete with the Grammy Awards. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website.
Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
- Stevie Wonder
Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
- Roberta Flack
Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo, or Group
- The Temptations
Favorite Soul/R&B Album
- I'm Still In Love With You - Al Green
Favorite Soul/R&B Single
- "Superstition" - Stevie Wonder
Grammy winners in 1974:
Record of the Year
- Joel Dorn (producer) & Roberta Flack for "Killing Me Softly With His Song"
Album of the Year
- Stevie Wonder (producer & artist) for Innervisions (award presented by Cher and Telly Savalas)
Song of the Year
- Charles Fox & Norman Gimbel (songwriters) for "Killing Me Softly With His Song" performed by Roberta Flack
Best Instrumental Arrangement
- Quincy Jones (arranger) for "Summer in the City"
Best Soul Gospel Performance
- Dixie Hummingbirds for "Loves Me Like a Rock"
Best Jazz Performance by a Soloist
- Art Tatum for God Is in the House
Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female
- Roberta Flack for "Killing Me Softly With His Song"
Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male
- Stevie Wonder for "You Are the Sunshine of My Life"
Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
- Gladys Knight & the Pips for "Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye)"
Best Engineered Recording, Non-Classical
- Malcolm Cecil & Robert Margouleff (engineers) for Innervisions performed by Stevie Wonder
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
- Aretha Franklin for "Master of Eyes"
Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
- Stevie Wonder for "Superstition"
Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
- Gladys Knight & the Pips for "Midnight Train to Georgia"
Best R&B Instrumental Performance
- Ramsey Lewis for "Hang On Sloopy"
Best Rhythm & Blues Song
- Stevie Wonder (songwriter) for "Superstition"
Hall of Fame Award
- "The Christmas Song" Nat King Cole
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Hot pants of the 1970s
Singer Billy Preston in 1974 wearing an Afro hairstyle.
Afro hairstyle of the late 60s/early 70s
photo - pixabay.com
African-American woman with short afro 1979 and silk scarves which were a popular fashion accessories for women.
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s
Best friends fashions in Stockton California - 1970s
| Fashions and Styles in 1974 |
The 1970's fashion, often called the "Me Decade", began with a continuation of the mini skirts, bell-bottoms, and the androgynous hippie look from the late 1960s and eventually became one of the most iconic decades for fashion ever.
In the early 1970s, there was a trend for unisex men's and women's matching outfits with little to absolutely no differences. They often came together in matching sets.
Generally the most famous silhouette of the mid and late 1970s for both genders was that of tight on top and loose on bottom. The 1970s also saw the birth of the indifferent, anti-conformist approach to fashion, which consisted of sweaters, t-shirts, jeans, and sneakers.
Popular early 1970s fashions for women included Tie dye shirts, Mexican peasant blouses, folk-embroidered Hungarian blouses, ponchos, capes, and military surplus clothing. Bottom attire for women during this time included bell-bottoms, gauchos, frayed jeansmidis" (which were unpopular), and ankle-length dresses called "maxis" were also worn in the early 1970s, thus offering women three different skirt lengths.
Although the hippie look was widespread, it was not adopted by everyone. Many women still continued to dress up with more glamorous clothes, inspired by 1940s movie star glamour. Other women just adopted simple casual fashions. More simple early 1970s trends for women included fitted blazers (coming in a multitude of fabrics along with wide lapels), long and short dresses, mini skirts, maxi evening gowns, hot pants (extremely brief, tight-fitting shorts) paired with skin-tight t-shirts, his & hers outfits (matching outfits that were nearly identical to each other), and flared pants.
Clean-cut, All-American active wear for women became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards. The biggest phenomenon of this trend was the jumpsuit, popular from 1975 onwards.
Women's fashions in the late 1970s included cowl-neck shirts and sweaters, pantsuits, leisure suits, tracksuits, sundresses worn with tight t-shirts, strapless tops, lower-cut shirts, cardigans, velour shirts, tunics, robes, crop tops, tube tops, embroidered vests and jeans, knee-length skirts, loose satin pants, designer jeans, culottes, daisy dukes, and tennis shorts.
In the early 1970s boots were at the height of their popularity, continuing onward from the mid 1960s. Women had boots for every occasion, with a wide variety of styles being sold in stores for affordable prices.
Disco clothes worn by women included tube tops, sequined halterneck shirts, blazers, spandex short shorts, loose pants, form-fitting spandex pants, maxi skirts and dresses with long thigh slits, jersey wrap dresses, ball gowns, and evening gowns.
The early 1970s were a continuation of late 1960s hippie fashion. For men this particularly meant bell bottom jeans, tie dye shirts, and military surplus clothing. Other early 1970s clothes for men included matching outfits, sports jackets, khaki chinos, chunky sweaters, storm coats, battle jackets peacoats, flannel shirts, pleated pants, baseball jackets, corduroy pants, pullover sweaters and sweater vests, tassels, cardigans, and hip-huggers.
Mens footwear in the early 1970s included flip-flops, oxfords, Birkenstocks, platform shoes, earth shoes, and cowboy boots.
Fashion in the 1970s was generally informal and laid back for men. Most men simply wore jeans, sweaters, and T-shirts, which by then were being made with more elaborate designs. Men continued to wear flannel, and the Leisure suit became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards, often worn with gold medallions and oxford shoes. Vintage clothing, khaki chinos, workmens clothes, sweatshirts, leather coats, and all-denim outfits were also desired among young men.
In the mid-1960s, the Afro hairstyle began in a fairly tightly coiffed form, such as the hairstyle that became popular among members of the Black Panther Party. As the 1960s progressed towards the 1970s, popular hairstyles, both within and outside of the black African-American community, became longer and longer. As a result, the late 60s/early 70s saw an expansion in the overall size of Afros. Some of the entertainers and sociopolitical figures of the time known for wearing larger afros include political activist Angela Davis, actress Pam Grier, rock musician Jimi Hendrix, and the members of the musical groups The Jackson 5 and The Supremes.
In the 1970s, making one of the popular hairstyles for a woman didn't take a lot of time. For Blacks in the United States and elsewhere, the afro was worn by both sexes throughout the decade. It was occasionally sported by whites as an alternative to the uniform long, straight hair which was a fashion mainstay until the arrival of punk and the"disco look" when hair became shorter and centre partings were no longer the mode.
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1970s
Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller
Colonel Charles Young (United States Army)
Mood ring of the 70s
|Our Community in 1974 |
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
- In the early 1970s, the American Psychiatric Association established a Solomon Carter Fuller award lecture at its annual meetings for his contributions to Alzheimer's disease research.
- Singer Freda Payne made the cover of Jet after she was made a Dame of Malta by the Knights of Malta.
- 1974 - The house where Colonel Charles Young lived when teaching at Wilberforce University was designated a National Historic Landmark, in recognition of his historic importance.
- 1970s - A mood ring is a ring that changed colors based upon the temperature of the finger of the wearer. The ring included a color chart indicating the supposed mood of the wearer based upon the colors indicated on the ring.
The mood ring was a big fad in the 1970s.
- 1970s - The United States Population is 204,765,770 with a total of 22,580,289 being African Americans. Negroes are making more love and having more babies since the last census.
#100 - By windyjonas [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
#101 - By Newtown graffiti
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#102 - By Caartic (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
By AlMare (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
By Philosophygeek [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
By Starday-King Records (Billboard, page 81, 26 August 1972) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
#114a - By Evan Swigart from Chicago, USA (Tequila Sunrise) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
#107 - By CBS Television (eBay item photo frontphoto back) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
#108 - By CBS Television (eBay item photo frontphoto back) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
By Tamla (Billboard, page 1, 1 July 1972) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
By Michael L. Valeri (Sporting News) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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